Nepal is a land-locked country bordered by China to its North and India to its East, West, and South. The country covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 square miles) and stretches approximately 145 to 241 kilometers North to South and 850 kilometers west to the east. Despite being a geographically smaller nation, Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of biodiversity because of its unique geographical position and attitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from less than 100 meters to the highest point on Earth that is the Mt. Everest (8848 meters), all within the distance of about 150 kilometers.

The Himalayas and its people

The Himalayas and its foothills fabricate the natural Northern border of the country as this region is rich with majestic mountains. Eight of the World’s ’14 eight-thousand meter peaks’ are situated in the Himalayas of Nepal. The relaxing scene of the snow-clad mountain range is legendary and it is a feeling we can rarely experience in other parts of the world. This part of the country is home to several ethnic groups like Sherpas, Dolpa-pas, Lopas, Baragaonlis, and Manangays. The majority of the population are the Sherpas, who originated in the Tibeto-Burmese region and the Sherpa language is a slightly modified form of Tibeto-Burman which uses Tibetan dialect. Locals believe the mountains to be a sacred place where the ancient gods and goddesses meditated; therefore the respect for the mountains is deep within their hearts. We can also find many Stupas and Gumbas on various parts of the Himalayas which are of cultural value to the inhabitants.